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Think about your dads’ safety while driving.
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The latest lifesaver electronic device that helps prevent an accident caused by falling asleep behind the wheel.
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A handheld aerosol canister that sprays an irritating formula in the eyes, nose and mouth of a person who is threatening your personal safety.
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By Guest Author: Lauren Byrd
Practicing proper driver safety is a very important part of driving. As a driver, you should be aware of proper car maintenance, safety tips, and also how to react in certain situations. A situation you will definitely experience is driving through bad weather conditions. Many rain showers and thunderstorms pop up in the summer, so understanding how to stay safe during these conditions can help prevent possible accidents.
According to AAA, wet pavement contributes to nearly 1.2 million traffic crashes each year. Here are some tips to follow this summer when you are caught driving in the rain.
- Make Sure Headlights are Functioning Properly
You definitely don’t want to be caught out in a storm without proper working headlights. Checking to make sure your headlights are working before you begin driving should be one of the first things you do upon entering your vehicle. Headlights help you to see the road, and they also help other drivers see you.
- Check Tire Inflation and Tread Depth
Not having enough tread depth in your tires causes a higher risk for hydroplaning. You need enough tread depth to allow the rain to escape through the tire’s grooves. In order to check your tire’s tread depth, you can use the coin test explained below.
Take a penny, and with Lincoln’s head upside down, put it between the tread of the tire. If you can see the top of Lincoln’s head, your tread is worn down and it is time for new tires. Mavis Tire has a wonderful “Buy 3 Tires Get 1 Free” deal if you find yourself in need of tires.
Along with ensuring that your tires have the proper tread depth, you should also make sure your tires are inflated to the recommended pressure. Tires that are under-inflated can cause hydroplaning and can even cause you to lose control of your vehicle.
- Replace Old Windshield Wipers
As soon as you notice a difference in your driving visibility or that your windshield wiper blades are squeaking, you need to purchase new blades. Advance Auto Parts offers free wiper installation with your windshield wiper blade purchase.
- Slow Down
One of the most important tips to remember when driving through the rain is to slow down and reduce your speed. It is not safe to drive through the rain at the same speed you would drive at in sunny weather. Slowing down can improve your safety as well as the safety of other drivers around you.
By Guest Author: Lauren Byrd
Lauren is a contributing writer and media specialist for Mavis Discount Tire. She regularly produces content for a variety of lifestyle and automotive blogs based around driver safety tips, auto service tips, and more.
By Guest Author: Nicholas Brit
We invite you to come read his article.
Nicholas Brit is a contributing writer for OldJunkCar.com, a national junk car removal, appraisal and salvage service based in Brooklyn, New York. Nicholas has a background writing for small print publications on various topics. His interests include working on cars as both a hobby and profession.
The most beautiful gift to give your mom is her safety.
|3 May 2015||Hungary, Lithuania, Portugal, Spain, Mozambique|
|8 May 2015||South Korea (Parent’s Day)|
|10 May 2015||El Salvador, Guatemala, Mexico, Belize|
|10 May 2015||Anguilla, Aruba, Australia, Austria, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belgium, Belize, Bermuda, Bonaire, Brazil, Canada, Chile, China, Colombia, Croatia, Cuba, Curaasao, Czech Republic, Denmark, Ecuador, Estonia, Finland, Germany, Greece, Grenada, Honduras, Hong Kong, Iceland, India, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Latvia, Malaysia, Malta, New Zealand, Peru, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Singapore, Slovakia, South Africa, Suriname, Switzerland, Taiwan, The Netherlands, Trinidad and Tobago, Turkey, United States, Uruguay, Venezuela, Zimbabwe|
|15 May 2015||Paraguay|
|26 May 2015||Poland|
|31 May 2015||Algeria, Dominican Republic, France, Haiti, Mauritius, Morocco, Sweden, Tunisia|
|30 May 2015||Nicaragua
More than 2.3 million Americans are injured or disabled in car accidents each year, according to the Association for Safe International Road Travel. In addition, it’s estimated that road crashes cost the U.S. roughly $230 billion annually at an average cost of $820 per person involved. Rough driving conditions such as ice, snow and rain, distractions and impaired driving are to blame. However, these common crashes can be prevented. If you’re committed to being a safe driver, use the following tips while out on the road.
A Centers for Disease Control and Prevention study found that Americans are more likely to use their cellphone to talk, text and email while driving when compared to their European counterparts. But distracted driving isn’t limited to cellphone use. Manual distractions such as eating, visual distractions like putting on makeup in the mirror or using the car’s GPS, and cognitive distractions such as allowing your mind to wander, can all lead to accidents.
Avoid falling victim to distracted driving and vow to put your cellphone out of reach when you’re behind the wheel. Distraction.gov offers a pledge form for drivers to sign as they commit to distraction-free driving. This form encourages drivers to drive phone-free and, when signed by parents, acts as a good example for teens and young drivers. In 2009 President Obama signed an executive order banning texting and cellphone use for commercial drivers. Years later, some states have followed suit and banned cellphone use for all drivers on the road. Learn your state’s laws and share them with your family.
Navigating High-Glare Situations
The Vision Council of America reports that the sun is one of the overlooked dangers while driving. It states that the most dangerous times to drive in glare situations are during the height of morning commuter travel and afternoon rush hour traffic.
If you’re commuting during these time frames and experience glare in your line of sight, it’s important to protect your eyes and your precious cargo by investing in UV-blocking sunglasses. Revant Optics offers replacement lenses with 100 percent UV protection in a wide array of colors, including polarized and non-polarized options, designed to fit a variety of brands. If you wear prescription glasses, consider purchasing prescription sunglasses for driving.
Wet Road Conditions
According to Allstate, hydroplaning is one of the top five common causes of car crashes. Hydroplaning occurs while driving through standing water at a high speed, an action that can force your car’s tires to push the water out of the way to maintain contact with the road. This can cause the vehicle to slide uncontrollably, and can result in the driver losing control of the vehicle.
Allstate suggests driving slowly in these types of conditions to avoid hydroplaning, because slower speeds allow the tires to connect with the road. Check your tire’s treads regularly, and rotate or replace your tires as needed.
Writen by Social Monters.
Driver behaviour Impaired driving
• Each year the “Drive Sober or Get Pulled Over” impaired driving campaign is conducted in September and December with the involvement of thousands of law-enforcement agencies across the country. These enforcement crackdown periods are supported by national “Drive Sober or Get Pulled Over” advertisement campaigns that run for about two weeks. The ads are designed to raise awareness and draw public attention to law-enforcement activities in every state. The advertisements convey the message that law-enforcement officers are vigilant in deterring drunk drivers. This law enforcement campaign is coupled with state programmes that address the underlying alcohol dependency problems. Special drunk driving courts that provide intensive interventions, as well as the use of ignition interlocks on the vehicles of offenders, are two examples. NHTSA provides a variety of technical resources to help States develop and expand the use of these special courts and ignition interlock programmes.
• Driver Alcohol Detection System for Safety (DADSS). This technology could prevent a vehicle from being driven by a drunk driver. NHTSA and the automotive industry have partnered to advance the long-term research in this advanced technology and will now begin working on the legal, public policy and consumer acceptance issues to ensure that when the technology is ready for commercialisation, manufacturers that choose to offer the system as an option will find a marketplace with few or no impediments to consumer adoption. The goal is to develop a system that can accurately and reliably detect when a driver is above the legal alcohol limit. The automatic system would be enabled every time the car is started, but unobtrusive so it would not pose an inconvenience to the non-intoxicated driver.
• NHTSA released a new strategic plan that will serve as a roadmap to ensure the safety of the nation’s growing population of older drivers and passengers. Data show a 3 percent increase in the number of people age 65 and older who died in motor vehicle crashes and a 16 percent increase in the number of people age 65 and older injured from the previous year. The data also show that older adults are at greater risk of dying or sustaining serious injuries, even in low-severity crashes. To address these concerns, NHTSA is focusing on vehicle safety, improved data collection and driver behaviour.
• The Department of Transportation released a set of tools to help communities combat the rising number of pedestrian deaths that have occurred over the last two years. As part of the campaign, NHTSA is making USD 2 million in pedestrian safety grants available to cities with the highest rate of pedestrian deaths and, along with the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), is launching a one-stop shop website www.nhtsa.gov/everyoneisapedestrian with safety tips and resources for local leaders, city planners, parents and others involved in improving pedestrian safety.
• The Department and NHTSA continue to focus on distracted driving and its deadly consequences. There are several resources available to the public, communities, States and safety organisations, including a redesigned www.distraction.gov. In April 2014, the DOT announced the Department’s first-ever, national advertising campaign and law enforcement crackdown to combat distracted driving. The effort includes television, radio and digital advertisements using the phrase U Drive. U Text. U Pay. and coincides with a nationwide law enforcement crackdown in states with distracted driving bans. In addition, a social norming component, One Text or Call Could Wreck It All, was launched in late 2011 with a television ad and other supporting materials. All of the PSAs direct audiences to StopTextsStopWrecks.org, a new campaign website where teens and young adults can find facts about the impact of texting while driving, and tips for how to curb the behaviour. The website also has an area where individuals can post on Facebook and share their solutions to stop texting and driving.
Vehicles Passenger cars
• NHTSA announced the Significant and Seamless Initiative in November 2013 which included a top priority of forward collision avoidance and mitigation. The agency is reviewing dynamic brake systems and crash-imminent brake systems that coexist with forward collision warning systems. Forward collision systems utilise vehicle technologies to detect a crash threat and warn the driver to take action. These braking systems add automatic braking, dependent upon the driver’s reaction to the warning, and either apply additional braking or full braking as necessary to avoid or lessen the severity of a crash. NHTSA is developing objective test procedures and surrogate test vehicles for this effort, as well as analysing the effectiveness of the systems and the impact on crashes.
• NHTSA has been conducting research through cooperative agreements with automotive manufacturers in order to assess the feasibility of developing effective crash avoidance systems that utilise V2V communications. This research is funded by the Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) programme, which is administered by the Research and Innovative Technologies Administration (RITA). FHWA, FTA and FMCSA also participate in the programme. A key aspect of the V2V programme is the Safety Pilot model Deployment, designed to support estimation of the effectiveness of V2V safety applications at reducing crashes and to show how real-world drivers will respond to these safety applications in their vehicles.
• NHTSA issued a final rule in April 2014, requiring rear visibility technology in all new vehicles under 10 000 pounds by May 2018. This new rule enhances the safety of these vehicles by significantly reducing the risk of fatalities and serious injuries caused by backover accidents.
• NHTSA issued a final rule requiring lap and shoulder seatbelts for each passenger and driver seat on new motor coaches and other large buses. This new rule enhances the safety of these vehicles by significantly reducing the risk of fatalities and serious injuries in frontal crashes and the risk of occupant ejection in rollovers.
• Pedestrians – As part of NHTSA’s Significant and Seamless Initiative, one of the agency’s top priorities is forward collision avoidance and mitigation. This effort includes research into pedestrian collision avoidance and mitigation (PCAM) to include identification of pedestrian crash scenarios, assessment of technologies and development of objective test procedures for avoidance technologies. Additionally, NHTSA proposed that hybrid and electric vehicles meet minimum sound standards in order to help make all pedestrians more aware of the approaching vehicles.
• In January 2012, FHWA issued a “Guidance Memorandum on Promoting the Implementation of Proven Safety Countermeasures”. This guidance takes into consideration the latest safety research to advance a group of countermeasures that have shown great effectiveness in improving safety. Safety practitioners are encouraged to consider this set of countermeasures that are research-proven, but not widely applied on a national basis. Countermeasures are discussed in detail and fact sheets are provided for each to furnish detailed descriptions, related research studies, and evaluations of each countermeasure. Countermeasures include: roundabouts, corridor access management, backplates with retroreflective borders, longitudinal rumble strips and stripes on two-lane roads, enhanced delineation and friction for horizontal curves, safety edges, medians and pedestrian crossing islands in urban and suburban areas, pedestrian hybrid beacons, and road diet.
• The Highway Safety Improvement Plan (HSIP) includes a data-driven, strategic approach to improving highway safety and encourages the States to establish or improve their roadway safety data programme. Another major programme feature is a state-wide, coordinated strategic highway safety plan in each State that provides a comprehensive framework for establishing state-wide goals, objectives, and performance targets; and that integrates the four “E’s” – engineering, education, enforcement, and emergency medical services. The States will be guided by the plan and their data systems in using the HSIP and other funds to produce a program of projects and strategies to solve relevant safety challenges.
• The Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century Act (MAP-21) is a funding and authorisation bill to govern United States federal surface transportation spending. MAP-21 doubled the funds for FHWA safety programmes, provided a concentrated effort to maintain a data-driven decision making process to target available resources on the most pressing concerns, and improved collaboration and integration on multiple fronts – engineering, education, enforcement, and emergency medical services – to reduce highway fatalities and serious injuries. MAP-21 indicates a multi-billion dollar funding level for HSIP to strengthen the programme and provide states with better opportunity to focus and ultimately improve the highway safety programmes in their states.
Recent and on-going research
• Through the Significant and Seamless Initiative, NHTSA is actively involved in the development of safety systems for forward collision avoidance monitoring and mitigation, the improvement of seatbelt use through interlock systems, and ways to stop drunk driving through alcohol interlock systems.
• Additional vehicle research efforts are focusing on vehicle communications technologies to address a number of common crash scenarios. Current testing and pilot programs are currently underway.
• NHTSA continues to conduct research activities to understand driver behaviour through surveys, observation studies, simulation work in order to affect driver behaviour through vehicle changes and human behaviour changes. Such activities include but are not limited to distracted driving, speeding, belt usage, child safety seat usage, and helmet usage. The agency also conducts evaluations of campaigns and high visibility law enforcement activities to determine the effectiveness of such efforts.
Source: Road Safety Annual Report 2014
Written by Social Monsters
You’ve seen the videos, billboards and advertisements urging you to refrain from texting and driving. Yet, you continue to do it. You’re convinced you’ve got it all under control and those unfortunate occurrences won’t ever happen to you. You are invincible.
The problem is, you’re not. Each time you take your eyes off the road, you’re taking a huge risk.
1.You Could Easily Pull Over.
Unless you’re driving on an extremely narrow roadway with shoulder, or where there is no parking lots or driveways in sight, you should be able to pull over and respond to that urgent text message. If not, it’s much more dangerous to take your eyes off the roadway, even if it’s just for a few seconds, than it is to keep driving until you find a safe place to bring your vehicle to a halt.
2. You Might Wreck.
If you’re texting while driving, you’re 23 percent more likely to be involved in an accident, notes Driving-Tests.org. Not only do you not want to be injured or killed, but you also want to keep that pretty little ride of yours, don’t you?
3. Safety of Others is at Stake.
You care about your passengers, don’t you? So why would you put their lives at risk by responding to a text message? How about all the other pedestrians and drivers on the road? Don’t risk injuring them and having to live with the guilt on your conscience?
4. You’re Breaking the Law.
Depending on your state of residence, it may be illegal to text and drive. And for a good cause, since focusing on the road, and not the messages appearing on the screen of your smartphone, may save your life. sr22insurance.net offers a comprehensive list of states that ban the use of handheld cell phones while driving.
5. Your Insurance Company Doesn’t Like Excuses.
The greater risk you pose to your insurance provider, the higher your premiums. After all, why should they cut you slack when you’re putting it all on the line each time you whip out that phone. And once law enforcement steps in and issues you a citation, rest assured your insurance provider won’t be too happy about it..
6. Your Reaction Time is Slower.
You’re not as sharp as you think when texting and driving. A University of Utah Study revealed it drastically impairs reaction time. David Strayer, a University of Utah psychology professor and principal author of the study, added:
“If you put a 20-year-old driver behind the wheel with a cell phone, [his] reaction times are the same as a 70-year-old driver who is not using a cell phone.”
7. You Run the Risk of AutoCorrect.
We’ve all had our own terrifying experiences with AutoCorrect. Eliminate the risk.
8. You May Extend Your Trip.
If you’re in unfamiliar territory, you need to pay close attention to the road so you don’t miss an important turn or exit. If your eyes are fixated on your smartphone’s keyboard, don’t be disgruntled if being inattentive tacks on additional time and U-turns to your trip.
9. You’re Acting as a Bad Example.
Assuming there are others that ride in the car with you who do not yet have their licenses, you may be communicating that it’s OK to engage in this risky behavior.
10. It Can Wait.
The world won’t end if you don’t type out your message and hit submit while driving.
Transmitting a message isn’t worth receiving a citation, getting in a collision or putting the lives of others and your own at stake. If you’re not yet convinced, check out the statistics on Don’t Text & Drive. Put down the smartphones and pay attention when you’re behind the wheel to make the roadway a safer place for drivers.
Organisation of road safety
The United States uses a “federalism” approach that divides the powers of government between the national (federal) government and state and local governments. Under federalism, each level of
government has sovereignty in some areas and shares powers in others. At the national level, Congress passes the laws and assigns the funding that provides the overall structure for USDOT to
carry out its safety mission.
However, most traffic safety laws and policies are enacted and developed at the State level. For example, each of the 50 States in the U.S. has the authority to set its own speed limit, distracted driving, or seatbelt use law.
Congress can influence the States by providing incentive grants if they enact certain laws that have been proven effective or penalties if they do not. It can also use performance results as eligibility
criteria for grants in some cases.
USDOT implements the grant programmes and provides guidance to the States on developing effective strategies that address their particular traffic safety challenges.
Within USDOT, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) has the lead role in reducing traffic crashes and fatalities.
In FY 2010, the Department of Transportation designated reducing roadway fatalities as one of its high-priority performance goals. Three agencies, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
(NHTSA), the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), and the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA), are working together to address multiple dimensions of roadway safety.
Road safety strategy for 2011-2020
The number one priority of the Department of Transportation (USDOT) remains safety.
To align the programme and policy actions needed to meet key challenges most effectively, USDOT has established four fatality sub measures – on passenger vehicles, non-occupants, motorcycle riders,
and large-truck- bus-related fatalities – which represent the breadth of all highway users. The purposes of this approach are to more closely examine the fatality rates of the different segments of
highway users, focus the energy and resources involved and develop new strategies to combat sub measure trends.
While the USDOT has developed sub measures for programmatic effectiveness, the overall fatality rate goal continues to be primary measure. This was modified in 2009 to take into account the recent
declines in the frequency of fatal motor vehicle crashes and to set more ambitious targets. The overall fatality rate goal for 2012 had a target of 1.05.
With respect to measurement of the performance of the Department’s Safety Priority, the targets for the USDOT include, in addition to an overall fatality rate measure, four sub measures to better identify trends within each group. Each measure is a rate that combines the number of fatalities and an exposure measure for that group:
• non-occupant fatality rates
• passenger vehicle fatality rate (fatalities / veh-miles traveled)
• large truck fatality rate (fatalities / veh-miles traveled)
• motorcycle fatality rate (fatalities / number of registered vehicles)
The fatality rates are forecasted through statistical methods for a number of years into the future in order to guide a plan of action for safety countermeasures. These forecasted rates use historical data
combined with an evaluation of the existing countermeasures, trend in data, and other societal factors that may affect the fatality rates in the future.
Each year, the USDOT calculates the actual fatality rates for the overall target and each sub measure.
This is compared to the target set in previous years to determine whether the Department met its goal.
USDOT programmes are then reviewed in concert with the economic conditions, the environment, and other factors to better understand the rates and the status of road safety.
The DOT currently has performance targets set through 2014 for the overall fatality rate and NHTSA and FMCSA have performance targets for each of the four sub measures. For year 2014, DOT’s
overall motor vehicle crash fatality rate target is 1.02 fatalities per 100 million vehicle miles travelled.
The sub measure targets for 2014 are 0.16 fatalities per 100 million vehicle miles travelled for the non-occupant fatality rate, 63 fatalities per 100 000 registrations for the motorcyclist fatality rate,
0.82 fatalities per 100 million vehicle miles travelled for the passenger vehicle fatality rate, and the large truck and bus fatality rate for 2014 is 0.114 fatalities per 100 million vehicle miles travelled.
Monitoring With the recent increase in the number of motor vehicle crash fatalities, the fatality rate for 2012 was 1.14 and the target was not reached.
Here is a story we just received from our friends of United Hatzalah:
“Your partner Yossi just sent me this photo of a road accident. He responded to on your ambucycle #353 and we wanted to share the story with you.
A young driver confused the gas and brake pedals. She completely lost control of the vehicle; it skidded violently and overturned. Thankfully, Yossi was actually on your ambucycle nearby, saw the accident and immediately swerved over to help. The woman was trapped in the car and your resourceful partner used a specialized resqme tool designed specifically for shattering windshields and slitting seatbelts to extricate the woman. Your caring partner reassured her as he gently checked her for injuries and took her vital signs – thankfully, she had escaped with only minor injuries. The traffic had built up behind the crash and it took over 15 minutes for an ambulance to get to the scene to transport her to the hospital.
Thanks for the United Hatzalah’s support , this woman received the care she needed in the minutes she needed it!”
By The Update Team
Version french: http://www.resqme.com/FR/blog/?p=711
Each state makes its own laws governing BAC levels for law enforcement action. In general, state BAC laws fall into three categories: zero tolerance; 0.08 BAC per se; and high BAC (0.08+).
All 50 states have enacted zero tolerance laws (primarily, per se laws at 0.02% BAC or lower) that make it illegal for drivers under age 21 to have any detectable amount of alcohol in their bodies. As of August
2005, all 50 states, the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico, had enacted 0.08 BAC per se laws.
Additionally, as of January 2005, 32 states had enacted high BAC laws.
Fatalities in crashes involving alcohol-impaired drivers have remained around 31% of all fatalities. In the U.S., the blood alcohol limit for driving is .08 g/dL and crashes with drivers testing at this level BAC or higher are considered alcohol-impaired crashes.
In 2012, fatalities in alcohol-impaired crashes
increased by 4.6% over 2011. Perhaps more alarming is that fatalities in alcohol-impaired crashes in which a driver had a BAC of .15 or higher (twice the legal limit) increased by 7.3% over 2011.
Drugs and driving
There is no federal per se law regarding driving under the influence of drugs. Drug per se laws are stated more so that it is illegal to drive with certain drugs in the system. However, not all states in the US have drug per se laws.
Given the differences in state collection and reporting of drug data, and the large amounts of missing data for the influence of drugs in crash scenarios, NHTSA’s data on drugs and crashes should be
interpreted within the constraints of a vast array of limitations. Of those drivers involved in fatal crashes in 2012 (45 337 drivers), 40% (18 120) of them were tested for drugs. Thirty-two percent
(5 765) of those tested for drugs were reported as having drugs in their system at the time of the fatal crash.
Distracted driving laws focus on the use of mobile electronic devices while driving. Each state in the US sets its own laws regarding distracted driving. As of April 2014, 12 States and the District of
Columbia (DC) prohibit all drivers from using hand-held cell phones while driving. Thirty-seven States and DC ban all cell phone use by novice drivers. Forty-three States and DC ban text messaging for all
In 2012, 3 328 people were killed on U.S. roadways, and an estimated additional 421 000 were injured in motor vehicle crashes that were reported to have involved distracted driving (FARS and GES). Of those people killed in distracted-driving-related crashes, 415 involved reports of a cell phone as a distraction (12% of fatalities in distraction-related crashes). Of those injured in distracteddriving-related crashes, 28 000 involved reports of a cell phone as a distraction (7% of injured people in distraction-related crashes). Ten percent of fatal crashes and 17 percent of the injury crashes in
2012 involved reports of distracted driving.
NHTSA considers a crash to be speeding-related if the driver was charged with a speeding-related offense, or if an officer indicated that racing, driving too fast for conditions, or exceeding the posted
speed limit was a contributing factor in the crash.
Speeding is one of the most prevalent factors contributing to traffic crashes. In 2012, speed was a contributing factor in 30 per cent of all fatal crashes, and 10 219 lives were lost in speeding-related
Speeding-related fatalities increased by 2 per cent from 10 001 in 2011, to 10 219 in 2012.
Speed limits in the United States are set by each state. The table below summarises speed limit ranges in the United States.
Seatbelts and helmets
Primary belt laws (PBLs) allow law enforcement to stop a driver solely for not wearing a seatbelt. As of January 2014, 33 States, the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico have primary seatbelt laws for
front seat occupants. In 16 states, drivers must commit another driving offence before they can be stopped, thus the seatbelt law is referred to as a secondary law. One state has no belt use law –
primary or secondary – for adults. This state does, however, have a primary child passenger safety law that covers all drivers and passengers under 18.
In 2012, among fatally injured passenger vehicle occupants, more than half (52%) of those killed were unrestrained.
The NHTSA conducts a national seatbelt campaign each May, involving more than 10 000 state and local law enforcement agencies. As a result of stronger laws and high visibility enforcement, the
overall seatbelt rate is at an all-time high in the U.S. as reported through the National Occupant Protection Use Survey (NOPUS). In 2013, seatbelt use reached 87%. Seatbelt use has shown an
increasing trend since 1995, accompanied by a steady decline in the percentage of unrestrained passenger vehicle (PV) occupant fatalities during daytime.
Motorcycle helmet laws are issued and enforced by the individual states; there is no national law requiring motorcycle helmet use. As of January 2014, 19 states, the District of Columbia and Puerto
Rico require helmet use by all operators and passengers. In 28 states, only a specific population segment is required to wear helmets. Three states have no motorcycle helmet use laws. The following
table shows the changes in motorcycle helmet usage since 1998.