The latest estimation of the economic costs of traffic crashes was done in 20003
. The cost of motor
vehicle crashes that occurred in 2000 totaled USD 230.6 billion. This is equal to approximately USD 820 for every person living in the United States and 2.3 per cent of the U.S. Gross Domestic
Product. Included in these losses are lost productivity, medical costs, legal and court costs, emergency service costs, insurance administration costs, travel delay, property damage, and
workplace losses. The economics costs are calculated based on a human capital approach.
The costs are based on crash severity level – the cost of fatal crashes, injury crashes and property damage-only crashes.
In 1990, there were approximately 184 million registered motor vehicles in the U.S. and vehicle ownership rate was close to 0.74 vehicles per capita. Since then, except for the year 1992, the
number of registered vehicles had grown steadily to over 259 million in 2008, with an ownership rate exceeding 0.85 vehicles per capita. Even though the number of registered vehicles was down for
years 2009 and 2010, the latest 265.6 million registered vehicles for 2012 indicates the total number of vehicle registered is on the rise again and has surpassed the high reached in 2008.
Travel as measured by vehicle mile travelled (VMT) indicated that in 1990, total VMT was approximately 2 144 362 million miles; and by 2007, VMT reached its peak of 3 031 124 million
miles. From 1990 to 2007, VMT had grown at an annual average compound growth rate of approximately 1.02%. For year 2008, total VMT was down to 2 976 528 million miles. The latest 2012
VMT data, which was 2 954 394 million miles, is still below the 2007 peak.
Change in the number of fatalities and injury crashes (1990-2012)
In the first decade of the 21st century, the United States experienced more than 40 000 deaths and more than 2 500 000 injuries on the Nation’s roadways. Roadway crashes generally are the leading
cause of death for Americans for every age, from 3 through 34.
Between 1990 and 2012, the number of fatalities decreased by 25%; however, most of the progress was achieved from 2006 through 2011. During the 1990s, there was little progress in terms of
reductions in the number of casualties. Traffic fatalities have been declining steadily since reaching a near-term peak in 2005, and the reduction accelerated in 2008 and 2009. The magnitude of decline
decreased in 2010 and 2011. In 2012, the US experienced the first increase in fatalities since 2005, and from 2011 to 2012 there was a 3.3 per cent increase.
The reduction in fatalities in 2008-2011 may be partly explained by a reduction in distance travelled
(vehicle miles travelled lower than in 2007), as a consequence of the economic recession; but the overall decline in fatalities has been much greater than the reduction in traffic volume, thus assuming
that the recent safety measures promoted by the US DoT have been effective. The increase in 2012 cannot be attributed to a single factor. However, one note of interest is that of the increase of 1082 fatalities in 2012, with 72% of the increase occurring in the first quarter of the year. That quarter also happened to be the warmest first quarter on record in the US.
The fatality rate per 100 million vehicle miles traveled (VMT) fell to a historic low of 1.10 in 2011. In 2012 the rate was 1.13.
In 2012, the death rate expressed in terms of deaths per 100 000 population, was 10.69 ‒ a 2.6% increase from 2011.
Between 1990 and 2012, the death rate, expressed in terms of deaths per 100 000 population, decreased by 40%; while the risks (in terms of deaths per billion veh-km) declined by 45%.
Since 1990, all road users except motorcycle riders have benefited from the improvement in road safety. Motorcycle rider fatalities (incl. mopeds) increased by more than 50% between 1990 and 2012.
Between 1990 and 2012, the United States experienced a marked reduction of almost 50% in passenger car occupant fatalities. A further reduction in passenger car occupant fatalities is expected
with increased availability of front and side airbags, electronic stability control, safety-belt use, use of age-appropriate child safety seats and a continued reduction in alcohol- and drug-impaired driving.
Over the same period, the number of pedestrians and cyclists killed in motor vehicle crashes decreased by 27% and 16% respectively.
Over the past ten years, data show that the composition of fatalities among road users has shifted.
The primary change occurred because of the decrease in passenger car occupant fatalities from 2000 to 2012 — from 20 699 fatalities in 2000, to 12 271 in 2012. However, there has been a marked
change in composition of road user fatalities for motorcyclists and pedestrians. Fatalities for these two groups combined increased from 2000 to 2012 — from 7 660 to 9 660 — and they now make up 29%
of fatalities compared to 18% of fatalities ten years ago.
As noted, motorcyclist fatalities have been increasing over the previous years. Fatalities fell sharply in 2009, along with a sharp decrease in roadway fatalities overall. However, since that drop, the number of people killed on motorcycles (including mopeds) has resumed the increase that had been occurring since the late 1990s.
Looking at the age of the individuals killed during motor vehicle crashes, all fatality rates have dropped since 1990. Young people aged 18 to 20 had long maintained the highest fatality rate per
population, but for the first time in 2010, this age group fell to the second highest fatality rate, replaced by 21 to 24 year olds. Another decline in fatality rates can be seen (in the chart) for 15 to
17 year olds – once the third highest rate is now the fifth highest rate.
The Department has been working diligently to address the safety risk of young drivers. This group, lacking the experience acquired over time, often pose a greater safety risk on the road. However,
over the years, with the attention to young drivers and the introduction of graduated driver licensing, the fatalities associated with young drivers has decreased, as can be seen below. In 2003, there were 8 514 fatalities associated with young driver (16-20 years old) crashes as compared to 4 565 fatalities in young driver crashes in 2012.
Whereas there was an increase in most areas from 2011 to 2012, data show a decrease in the number of fatalities occurring on motorways in 2012.
Road Safety – Annual Report 2014
Road crashes in 2012:
Motor vehicle crashes and fatalities in 2012 increased after six consecutive years of declining fatalities on the US nation’s highways. The nation lost 33 561 people in crashes on roadways during 2012,
compared to 32 479 in 2011. The increase in crashes, and the resulting fatalities and injuries, can be seen across many crash characteristics – vehicle type, alcohol impairment, location of crash, etc. – and does not seem to be associated with any one particular issue. In fact, crashes associated with some traditional risk factors, fell in 2012. For example, young drivers involved in fatal crashes
continued to decline, as they have since 2005. Despite the general downward trend in overall fatalities in recent years, pedestrian and motorcycle fatalities have shown an upward trend. This was
again the case in 2012, as motorcycle and pedestrian fatalities increased by six percent each.
Provisional data for 2013:
A statistical projection of traffic fatalities for the first nine months of 2013 shows that an estimated 24 270 people died in motor vehicle traffic crashes. This represents a decrease of about 3.7 per cent
as compared to the 25 214 fatalities that were reported to have occurred in the first nine months of 2012.
Preliminary data reported by the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) shows that vehicle miles travelled (VMT) in the first nine months of 2013 increased by about 9.8 billion miles, an increase of
approximately 0.4 per cent.
The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration is continuing to gather data on crash fatalities for 2012 and 2013 using information from police accident reports and other sources. While it is too soon
to speculate on the contributing factors or potential implications of any changes in deaths on our roadways, it should be noted that the historic downward trend in traffic fatalities in the past several
years means any comparison will be to an unprecedented low baseline figure.
Road Safety – Annual Report 2014
Inhabitants: 311.6 million
Vehicles/1 000 – inhabitants: 846
Road fatalities in 2012: 33 561
Fatalities /100 000 in habitants in 2012: 10.7
The State Police collect data on motor vehicle traffic crashes on specific roadways in the State. Each State also has local police jurisdictions within counties, cities and towns that collect data on motorvehicle traffic crashes on the roadways not covered by the State Police.
The NASS (National Automotive Sampling System) consists of 2 sub-systems: the General Estimates System (GES) and the Crashworthiness Data System (CDS).
Both sub-systems are probabilistic surveys designed to produce national estimates on motor vehicle traffic crashes annually.
The CDS is a nationally representative sample of police-reported motor vehicle traffic crashes in which at least one light motor vehicle (automobile, automobile derivative, minivans, vans, pickup
trucks, and sport utility vehicles) was towed from the crash scene as a result of the crash.
The GES is a nationally representative sample of all police-reported motor vehicle traffic crashes occurring across the United States, designed to produce national estimates on general characteristics
of motor vehicle traffic crashes.
In particular, the (GES) data are obtained through a sample selected from all police-reported motor vehicle crashes. Although various sources suggest that about half the motor vehicle crashes in the
country are not reported to police, the majority of these unreported crashes involve only minor property damage and no significant personal injury. By restricting attention to police-reported
crashes, the GES concentrates on those crashes of greatest concern to the highway safety community and the general public.
Approximately 90 data elements are coded into a common format. To protect individual privacy, no personal information (names, addresses, specific crash locations) is coded.
Strengths of the system:
• obtaining information on all types of motor vehicle traffic crashes that can aid policy makers in enhancing safety standards in the motor vehicle;
• can produce national estimates on a characteristics of the crash.
IRTAD 2014 Annual Report © OECD/ITF 2014 United States – 507
• the PAR may not be completed when it is obtained by the GES, therefore some of the information may not be available on the PAR;
• access to the PARs is dependent on the cooperation of the police jurisdictions.
Challenges collecting at the federal level is obtaining and maintaining cooperation with the police jurisdictions (State and local).
In the GES, serious injuries are defined as incapacitating injuries which are defined as severe lacerations (exposure of muscles or bone), broken or distorted extremities, crush injuries, internal
skull/chest/abdominal injuries, significant burns, unconscious, and paralysis.
MAIS 3+ injuries are coded in the CDS, not the GES, and are defined as serious injuries.
Road Safety – Annual Report 2014
Distracted driving laws focus on the use of mobile electronic devices while driving. Each state in the US sets its own laws regarding distracted driving. As of April 2014, 12 States and the District of
Columbia (DC) prohibit all drivers from using hand-held cell phones while driving. Thirty-seven States and DC ban all cell phone use by novice drivers. Forty-three States and DC ban text messaging for all
In 2012, 3 328 people were killed on U.S. roadways, and an estimated additional 421 000 were injured in motor vehicle crashes that were reported to have involved distracted driving (FARS and
GES). Of those people killed in distracted-driving-related crashes, 415 involved reports of a cell phone as a distraction (12% of fatalities in distraction-related crashes). Of those injured in distracteddriving-related crashes, 28 000 involved reports of a cell phone as a distraction (7% of injured people in distraction-related crashes). Ten percent of fatal crashes and 17 percent of the injury crashes in
2012 involved reports of distracted driving.
• The Department and NHTSA continue to focus on distracted driving and its deadly consequences. There are several resources available to the public, communities, States and safety organisations, including a redesigned www.distraction.gov.
In April 2014, the DOT announced the Department’s first-ever, national advertising campaign and law enforcement crackdown to combat distracted driving.
The effort includes television, radio and digital advertisements using the phrase U Drive. U Text. U Pay. and coincides with a nationwide law enforcement crackdown in states with distracted driving bans. In addition, a social norming component, One Text or Call Could Wreck It All, was launched in late 2011 with a television ad and other supporting materials.
All of the PSAs direct audiences to StopTextsStopWrecks.org, a
new campaign website where teens and young adults can find facts about the impact of texting while driving, and tips for how to curb the behaviour. The website also has an area where individuals can post on Facebook and share their solutions to stop texting and driving.
You know the day has just got worse when you get a flat tire on your car, but it is extra bad news when you happen to be on the highway when it goes flat on you.
There is not just the inconvenience to your plans that make a flat tire a problem, but when you are on a busy highway, safety becomes a big issue too. Getting a service like Flash Towing San Jose to help you out as quickly as possible will help get your day back on track, but in the meantime you need to keep out of danger.
Highways are dangerous places at the best of times, but when you are pulled over on the side with a flat tire, you are in a vulnerable position. Here is a look at how to handle a flat tire and keep yourself as safe as possible while you get the situation sorted.
Chances are, you have been held up in your journey in the past, due to the highway being closed off due to an accident.
That accident all too often, turns out to be someone who was trying to change a tire on the highway who has then been hit by cars traveling at speed. It is the responsibility of other drivers to slow down when they see a vehicle on the side of the road, or change lanes away from a stalled car.
You don’t want to become the next fatality, so it is important you keep in mind the danger you are in and don’t take risks trying to change a tire without expert help.
Handling a flat tire
The first thing to do if you notice that your car is suffering from a flat tire, is slow down and keep a firm grip on the steering wheel .
Don’t be tempted to slam the brakes on as this could cause you to lose control, so try to slow down in a controlled way by taking your foot of the gas pedal. Look around you and see how safely you can change lanes and try to make your way into a safe place away from speeding traffic.
Driving a short distance on a flat tire for a short period should be fine if you avoid sudden movements and your priority is to get yourself onto safe grounds rather than stop in traffic.
Once you have managed to move to a safe place on the side of the highway, turn on your flashers immediately, so that other vehicles can clearly see you and know that you have a problem.
Having managed to get your vehicle off to the side of the highway, you need to do everything you can while you wait for help.
Do not attempt to change your tire unless you really know what you are doing and you can work safely away from the traffic, which is probably unlikely.
Don’t stand behind or next to your car while help arrives. It is often better to stay in your car unless you are able to safely walk to secure area which is not in danger from any traffic.
Getting a flat tire on the freeway is never going to be fun, but staying safe and making sure you avoid serious injury is way more important than the inconvenience of a delay to your journey.
by Michael McDaniel – Michael McDaniel is a retired automotive mechanic. When he’s not tinkering with one of his antique cars, he’s writing about the car repair industry. Look for his informative posts on many of today’s top blogs and websites.
Written by Guest Author Matt Milstead
Every Christmas season is one of the most dangerous times to be traveling on our roadways. Not only do you have to navigate through unpredictable winter weather, but you also must try to stay calm in holiday traffic. Here are some tips to help you prepare for hitting the road this season.
Gather Emergency Tools
Having the tools you need can turn an accident or breakdown into a minor inconvenience instead of a major tragedy. Put together an emergency kit and keep it within your reach – in case you need it. Things you should include in your emergency tool kit are:
- A wrench the right size for your lugnuts
- At least one LED Flashlight
- A tool that can cut the seatbelt and break the window in an emergency, such as resqme
Some other things besides tools that may definitely come handy are blankets, food and water. These will be essential in case you get stuck in the snow for an extended period of time. It’s also smart to have an extra phone charger, so you have enough battery life to call for help.
Prepare Your Car in Advance
Having emergency tools with you is a great safety net, but preparing your car for the trip is one of the best things you can do to ensure the safety of your family on the road. For that reason, it is great idea to:
- Get all of your tires and fluids checked by a mechanic to ensure that they are at proper levels.
- The mechanic should also check that your brakes are working properly.
- The condition of the belts, hoses and battery in your car should also be checked.
- It’s smart to change the oil in your car if it has not been changed recently.
- The antifreeze should be topped off.
Schedule a visit to the mechanic soon as possible, as they tend to be busy this time of year and you want to make sure they are not in a hurry while they’re working on your car.
Get a Health Check
If you or one of the people that will be travelling with you suffer from a chronic disease, it is a good idea to visit a health clinic that focuses on the travel related issues. Not only can they provide necessary immunisation (in case you are planning to visit an exotic country, for instance), but more importantly, you can obtain a supply letter for your medications. this letter will detail the medications you are taking as well as the dosages. It important to have it since it will state that you will personally be taking the medication and are not planning to sell it.
Plan Your Driving Hours
It’s impossible to account for every delay in traffic before you leave, but planning out your route and driving hours is a great way to prepare for your trip. Try to drive during the hours that you are normally awake, as driving when you are tired slows your reaction time. It’s also smart to take a break at least once an hour so that your mind stays fresh and alert. Be sure to build extra time into your driving schedule to account for delays. Getting frustrated because you are running late for a family gathering makes the car ride miserable for everyone involved.
Hitting the road during the Christmas season can feel stressful at times, so planning ahead and making sure that you have the proper tools with you will minimize stress and help you have a merry Christmas.
resqme, Inc.’s auto and personal safety tools are perfect life-saving stocking stuffers
Santa Barbara, CA (November 2014)—With presents to buy, meals to prepare and traditions to uphold, the holiday season is one of the busiest times for families in the household. It is also one of the busiest travel times of the year. The number of long-distance trips to and from a destination 50 miles or more away rises by 23% during this time of the year. A majority of these holiday trips—91% to be precise—are taken using a car. These holiday motorists are prone to encounter wet, icy, slippery roads and extreme weather conditions—all of which result to about 500 deaths a year.
To keep motorists prepared and safe, leading auto safety company resqme, Inc. has developed the award-winning resqme® Car Escape Tool—a portable, easy-to-use, lifesaving tool that helps drivers stay prepared for road accidents or emergencies. It is a perfect and affordable gift for friends and family this holiday season.
The resqme tool provides drivers and passengers with a quick and easy means of escape in the event of an overturned or submerged vehicle. The revolutionary 0.8-ounce rescue tool features a concealed steel blade that swiftly cuts through seatbelts, and a spring-loaded spike that easily shatters window glass with one push. Measuring 3 inches long and 1 ½ inches wide, this rescue tool can easily slip into a Christmas stocking and comes in a variety of 8 festive holiday colors, including red, green and blue.
“Celebrating the holidays should be an enjoyable time for everyone, and driving to your holiday destination should be no different,” says Laurent Colasse, Founder and President of resqme, Inc. “The most thoughtful gift you can give to a loved one is the safety and peace of mind that accompany a resqme.”
With dozens of lives already saved this year, the resqme tool is definitely the most thoughtful gift a family or friend can give or receive this holiday season for a lifetime of safety and peace of mind.
### “U.S. Holiday Travel.” Bureau of Transportation Statistics. http://www.rita.dot.gov/bts/sites/rita.dot.gov.bts/files/publications/america_on_the_go/us_holiday_travel/html/entire.html  Icy Road Fatality Statistics: http://icyroadsafety.com/fatalitystats.shtml
This graphic speaks for it self!
Thank you very much Katherine Taylor, for sharing this picture.
Source credits back to Lipsig
For information: http://lipsig.com/state-of-car-accidents-new-york/
.The Essentials Deluxe (including 139 Essentials first care including adisinfectant spray, bandages, scissors, the resqme and the new tools of the company)
.The Mini Essentials (75 accessories of treatments, including new tools resqme)
.The Toolbox Deluxe (74 accessories of medical treatments, including noveltiesresqme)
.The Mini Toolbox (57 accessories of medical care)