As we move into the future, electric cars are known for being impressed basically to do away with the gasoline propelled engines. Interesting fact, when we look back into history, electric cars were much more popular in the late 19th century and early 20th century but there came the advanced combustion engines and production of cheap gasoline to propel them and everyone shifted to the combustion engine cars, which also had electric starters.
Re-emergence of electric cars
From the year 2008 more effort and focus has been put into manufacturing of electric cars by manufacturing companies. This has been greatly propelled by the advancement in batteries, the great desire to reduce greenhouse gas emissions which cause global warming and also the concern of the increase in prices of oil.
Electric cars a much quieter than the gasoline engines with no emissions. As much as they have this advantages they can take really long to charge and the battery costs are much higher and also have limit range. The rise in popularity of electric vehicles has led to a new phenomenon — range anxiety. There an electric car driver will suffer greatly from range anxiety where the driver is worried that the battery will surely deplete on the way before they reach their desired destination.
Electric car batteries
Electric cars are relatively costly compared to combustion engine propelled vehicles. This is mainly due to the high cost of battery packs but statistics show that the prices are reducing by about 8% p.a. due to their high production. According to study shown in 2016, it is reported that battery car cost dropped from $1300 kWh kilowatt hour in 2007 to about $145 kWh kilowatt hour in 2016.
Range of electric cars: how far can an electric car go?
Well, it depends. Day in day out manufacturers are struggling with engineering troubles and problems when it comes to how far a fully charged electric car can take me as a driver in a single full charge. According to the Bureau of Transportation, an average driver commuting per day will cover less than 40 miles.
With many drivers shying away from acquiring this very environmentally friendly plug-in model cars, many manufacturers are asking why but hey the answer lies in the driving range, how long can a fully charged battery take me?
Car range will vary between electric vehicles, that depends mainly on the size of the battery, if the car is fully powered and also the condition of the road you’re using. An example of an EV (electric vehicle) is the Nissan leaf made in Japan by Nissan automakers which actually provide a driving range of about 80 miles which is quite a limit for drivers. But this was eventually countered by the Tesla motors which offered a range of 200-mile electric car, which pushed the Nissan manufacturers to engage in building a battery with a larger battery that managed 107-mile range. Recently, Tesla has added a new battery option to its menu that offers an range of 335 miles on a full charge. This makes it the longest-range consumer electric vehicle in the world.
Other smaller Electric vehicles like the G-Wiz and the new Renault Twizy was known as quadricycles and meant for urban driving. These vehicles have smaller batteries and their range measure much lower with the G-wiz managing a range of 48 miles on a full charge and the Twizy stands at a range of about 60 miles.
Other aspects that affect the range
Drive reasonably. If you want to get far then you have to keep a watch on how you are driving. Aggressive driving significantly reduces the range, so when driving don’t be too hard on the brake and throttle. I would advise you follow the traffic flow and drive without aggressive braking and gentle deceleration will improve the range as the energy is usually recaptured.
The weather also plays a part in affecting your range. During very cold weather or intensely hot weather, the battery performance degrades which will significantly reduce the range. Traditional batteries for internal combustion engine cars also reduces its capacity, so they need to be checked in cold weather. Batteries perform best with temperatures between 20-40 degrees centigrade, this has led to some electric vehicle being built able to regulate temperatures. Using air conditioners during hot weather to warm the interior or using it during cold weather to raise the temperatures will surely drain the battery power and likewise cut the range really low.
Use the right tires! Did you know that wider tires can put a drag on efficiency? More tread in contact with the ground means greater friction. If you were racing, you’d love that friction, but when you’re looking for maximum range, you want narrower tires and ideally ones made from an efficient compound.
Distance between electric car charging stations
As electric cars ownership increases all around the world, public and accessible electric charging stations are very much needed. They are more convenient if they support fast charging and at high voltages than those available at the residential charging points. Many EV charging stations are being put up by electric companies on streets or at retail shopping centers operated mainly by private people or companies. A charging station will mainly be located in various areas and these are often:
- Residential area– this is a station owned by the resident where he/she can easily charge the car overnight. It is a home charging station and usually for a specific user. Portable chargers can also be mounted on the walls as charging stations. Get your own at-home charging station on Amazon or on Home Depot!
- Parking charging stations– these enable you to charge your vehicle while parking, usually in commercial ventures which are offered in the sole partnership with the owner of the parking lot. These charging stations may be low speed or high speed.
- Fast charging public stations– with charging power of 40kw above and enabling one to achieve a range of over 100 km in just 10 to about 30 minutes. These charging stations will enable long distance traveling by increasing the range of the electric vehicle. Also, may be located in metropolitan areas for fast charging by the commuters.
You can locate the closest charging station using the PlugShare map or the chargeHub one. The filters will inform you about the location, availability, the types of plugs, networks, if they are privately held and much more.